As Bonfire night is almost upon us, the chance of burn injuries from fireworks and bonfires are a very real concern.
Following these simple tips can help to reduce the severity of the burn and recovery time for the casualty :-
- Stop the burning process as soon as possible. This may mean removing the person from the area, dousing flames with water or smothering flames with a blanket. Do not put yourself at risk of getting burnt as well.
- Remove any clothing or jewellery near the burnt area of skin. However, don’t try to remove anything that is stuck to the burnt skin because this could cause more damage.
- Cool the burn with cool or lukewarm water for 10-30 minutes, ideally within 20 minutes of the injury occurring. Never use ice, iced water or any creams or greasy substances, such as butter.
- Cover the burn with cling film. Put the cling film in a layer over the burn, rather than wrapping it around a limb. A clean, clear plastic bag can be used for burns on your hand.
When to go to hospital
- For large or deep burns – any burn bigger than the affected person’s hand
- For full thickness burns of all sizes – these burns cause white or charred skin
- For partial thickness burns on the face, hands, arms, feet, legs or genitals – these are burns that cause blisters
Apply creams or butter to a burn
Touch the area unneccessarily
If you are unsure about anything regarding the burn, seek medical advice